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Tissue Culture Banana Seedlings

KSh 250.00KSh 500.00

Farmers Trend offers top-quality Tissue Culture Banana Seedlings, propagated in the best tissue culture propagation laboratory in Kenya. These seedlings are renowned for their superior quality, disease resistance, and high yield, ensuring that farmers get the best possible results.

Farmers Trend offers top-quality Tissue Culture Banana Seedlings, propagated in the best tissue culture propagation laboratory in Kenya. These seedlings are renowned for their superior quality, disease resistance, and high yield, ensuring that farmers get the best possible results.

Cooking Banana Varieties available:

  1. Uganda Green (Ndizi Kisukari): Known for its large size and excellent cooking qualities, Uganda Green bananas are a staple in many households.
  2. Ng’ombe: This variety is favored for its firm texture and rich flavor, making it ideal for a variety of cooked dishes.
  3. Giant Cavendish: Popular for its versatility in cooking, the Giant Cavendish banana is robust and flavorful.

Ripening Banana Varieties available:

  1. Williams Hybrid: This variety is known for its sweet taste and smooth texture when fully ripened, making it a favorite for fresh consumption.
  2. Grand Nain: Highly sought after for its sweet flavor and soft, creamy texture, Grand Nain bananas are perfect for snacks and desserts.
  3. Dwarf Cavendish: These bananas are small but pack a sweet punch, ideal for eating fresh or in fruit salads.
  4. FHIA-17: This variety is known for its sweet flavor and is suitable for fresh consumption when fully ripened.
  5. FHIA-18: FHIA-18 produces sweet, high-quality fruits that are enjoyed fresh.

Choose Farmers Trend Tissue Culture Banana Seedlings for a reliable and productive banana farming experience, with varieties that cater to both cooking and fresh consumption needs.

Ecological Conditions for Growing Tissue Culture Bananas

Bananas are tropical plants that thrive under specific ecological conditions. Ensuring optimal growth requires understanding and meeting these conditions:

  1. Climate: Bananas grow best in tropical and subtropical climates. They require:
    • Temperature: Ideal temperatures range between 26°C to 30°C during the day and 20°C to 25°C at night. Temperatures below 14°C can slow growth, and frost can severely damage or kill the plants.
    • Rainfall: Bananas need a consistent and adequate water supply. Annual rainfall should be between 1,500 mm to 2,500 mm, well-distributed throughout the year. In regions with less rainfall, irrigation is necessary.
    • Humidity: High humidity levels, between 60% to 90%, are ideal for banana growth.
  2. Soil: The soil should be:
    • Type: Well-drained loamy soil is ideal. Bananas can also grow in sandy loam and clay loam, provided there is good drainage.
    • pH: Slightly acidic to neutral soil, with a pH range of 5.5 to 7.5.
    • Fertility: Soil should be rich in organic matter. Bananas are heavy feeders and benefit from high levels of potassium and nitrogen.
  3. Sunlight: Bananas require full sunlight for at least 6-8 hours per day. Shading can reduce growth and yield.
  4. Wind Protection: Bananas are susceptible to wind damage due to their large leaves and shallow root system. Windbreaks or planting in sheltered locations is recommended.

Step-by-Step Guide to Planting Tissue Culture Bananas

Step 1: Land Preparation

  1. Site Selection: Choose a site with full sunlight and good air circulation. Avoid areas prone to waterlogging.
  2. Clearing: Remove all existing vegetation, stumps, and debris from the site.
  3. Soil Testing: Conduct a soil test to determine pH, nutrient levels, and soil type. Amend the soil based on test results to meet the ideal conditions for banana growth.
  4. Plowing and Harrowing: Plow the land to a depth of 30 cm to 40 cm to loosen the soil and improve drainage. Harrow to break up clods and create a fine tilth.

Step 2: Marking and Digging Holes

  1. Spacing: Mark the planting spots with a spacing of 2.5 meters by 2.5 meters for high-density planting. Adjust spacing based on variety and soil fertility.
  2. Digging Holes: Dig holes of 60 cm x 60 cm x 60 cm. This ensures sufficient space for root development.

Step 3: Soil Amendment and Fertilization

  1. Organic Matter: Mix well-decomposed organic matter or compost with the topsoil. This improves soil fertility and structure.
  2. Fertilizer Application: Add 200 grams of DAP (Di-Ammonium Phosphate) or a balanced NPK fertilizer in each hole. Mix it well with the soil at the bottom of the hole.

Step 4: Planting Tissue Culture Banana Seedlings

  1. Watering: Water the seedlings thoroughly before transplanting to reduce transplant shock.
  2. Planting: Place the seedling in the center of the hole. Ensure the corm (base) is just below the soil surface, with the roots spread out.
  3. Backfilling: Fill the hole with topsoil, gently pressing around the seedling to eliminate air pockets. Avoid burying the plant too deep.
  4. Mulching: Apply a thick layer of mulch around the base of the seedling. This conserves moisture, suppresses weeds, and adds organic matter to the soil.

Step 5: Watering and Irrigation

  1. Initial Watering: Water the plants immediately after planting.
  2. Regular Irrigation: Maintain consistent soil moisture, especially during dry periods. Drip irrigation is recommended for efficient water use.

Step 6: Care and Maintenance

  1. Weeding: Keep the planting area weed-free. Weeds compete for nutrients and water.
  2. Fertilization: Apply a balanced NPK fertilizer every 2-3 months. Adjust based on soil test results and plant growth.
  3. Pest and Disease Control: Monitor plants regularly for pests and diseases. Use integrated pest management (IPM) practices, including biological controls and safe chemical treatments when necessary.
  4. Desuckering: Remove unwanted suckers (side shoots) to allow the main plant to grow vigorously. Leave 2-3 healthy suckers to replace the mother plant after fruiting.
  5. Propping: Support plants with stakes or props to prevent them from toppling over, especially during the fruiting stage.

Step 7: Harvesting

  1. Timing: Bananas are usually ready for harvest 8-12 months after planting, depending on the variety and growing conditions.
  2. Indicators: Harvest when the fingers are plump and the angles are rounded. The color of the fruit changes from dark green to a lighter green or yellow, depending on the variety.
  3. Technique: Cut the bunch with a sharp knife, leaving a part of the stalk attached. Handle the fruit carefully to avoid bruising.

By following these detailed steps and maintaining optimal ecological conditions, farmers can achieve a successful and productive banana crop.

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Cooking Banana, Ripening Banana, Sweet Banana, Plantain Banana


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